Yunnan Shaxi Ancient Town
Here is brief introduction about Shaxi Ancient Town. Shaxi Ancient Town is in southwestern Jianchuan County in Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province of China. The distance between the town and Dali as well as Lijiang are subsequently 139 kilometers and 107 kilometers.
In the past, this place was the trading hub for Yunnan-Tibet Tea Horse Road. In addition, the area had 101 endangered sites in early 2001 according to the World Monuments Fund (WMF). It was along with Pompeii in Italy and China’s Great Wall on the list.
Except that, the town is famous for ancient relics such as ancient temples, ancient shops, ancient alleyways, ancient houses, ancient village gates etc. Surprisingly, they still remain perfect. Fortunately, the underdeveloped business there protects the historical remains.
Main Sights at Shaxi Ancient Town
1. Square Street
Shaxi Square Street is an area dotted with red bricks and two-century-old Chinese scholar trees. The place is has a concentration of temples, an ancient stage, shops, a caravansary and so forth.
There are many ancient alleyways here. One of the alleyways goes to the south gate of the village. Besides, few taverns stand along the alley. However, another alley leads to the Sideng Street. On the way, you can find a drugstore, Longevity Hall. The last alley links with the eastern gate of the village.
In the past, a fair on Sideng street was held every three days. The caravans from everywhere just stopped there to visit it.
2. Yujin Bridge
The Yujin Bridge is moon-shaped with Heihui River runs below from north to south.The bridge was build during the Qing Dynasty. Having been through collapse and destruction from war, it was functioning again in 1931. The height of the bridge is 6 meters while the length and width are separately 35.4 meters and 5 meters.
On one side of the bridge, a stone-carved turtle head is on the dome. It looks over the river under. Meanwhile, a turtle’s tail is on the other side. Except that, travelers can spot four carved huge salamanders on the fences.
In the past, the bridge is the must-pass for Bai people who live in Shaxi to go to work. The color of the slabs have become shining green due to the pressure from the carriages and people. The bridge is definitely the witness of Shaxi’s history.
3. Ancient Stage
The Ancient Stage is a very symbolic thing of Shaxi. It is well-known for its special architectural structure and delicate craftsmanship. The building is really outstanding.
The stage was constructed during the Qing Dynasty. It features a three-story Kuixin pavilion along with the stage. In the front stands the stage while a pavilion is behind it. Besides,the construction has 14 flying eave corners.
To enter the place, you need to pay CNY 10. Not only can you see the cultural relics on the second floor but also the Quixin loft on the third floor.
4. Tea Horse Road
As the important stopover for the Tea Horse Road, Shaxi town carries strong historical traces.
During the Tang and Song Dynasties, Shaxi was the inevitable economic and cultural tie between the Tang Dynasty and the Tubo Dynasty. The two sides exchange their goods passing through this place. Shaxi was famous for its salt industry at that time. Thus it was an vital distribution hub between Tibet and Yunnan.
Event at Shaxi Ancient Town
Temple Fair for Prince Sakyamuni: The fair is a spectacular religious event held on the Chinese lunar date, 8th of February. On that day, all the people come from everywhere to visit the festival. They put on their festive dresses, carrying the statues of Sakyamuni and Mother Buddha to parade.
Besides, there are gong and drum team, Buddhism team, Taoism team etc waiting for performance in turn. People dance with the music on the Sideng Street.
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