The Great Mosque of Xi’an
Welcome to explore the Great Mosque of Xi’an!
The Great Mosque of Xi’an is China’s largest mosque. It is located northwest of the Drum Tower. The mosque was founded in 742 in the Tang Dynasty. Because the Arab businessmen and tourists introduced the Islam from Persia and Afghanistan in the middle seven century. However, some of them stayed in China and married a Chinese. Thus their offspring are Muslims today.
The Great Mosque of Xi’an has become an active spot for worshippers in the Xi’an Muslim Quarter. Nowadays it is a popular tourist attraction. Even though the mosque was built during the Tang Dynasty, the most parts were actually built in the early Ming Dynasty. Now it has over twenty buildings in the five courtyards with an area of 12,000 square meters.
The Great Mosque of Xi’an Construction
The Great Mosque of Xi’an is a huge walled complex with five courtyards. The mosque includes the prayer hall, monuments and pavilions and so forth. Tourists can find the prayer hall in the fourth courtyard. Besides, every courtyard has a monument in the center with a gate and subsidiary buildings.
Fox example, the first courtyard includes a monumental gate from Qing Dynasty. In contrast, the fourth courtyard has a hexagonal gazebo and Phoenix Pavilion.
Except that, the walls inside have the engraving of plants, birds and objects ect. At the same time, they are both in Chinese and Arabic. Furthermore, the stone steles record the repair of the mosque as well as calligraphic works. For instance, there are two steles feature the calligraphy from Mi Fu and Dong Qichang from Ming Dynasty.